Only a small area of Tsavo East National Park's vast nature reserve is open to the public yet, although new areas are now being added. The remainder provides a remote animal wilderness. The vegetation around Tsavo East National Park is savannah grassland with thorny bushes and some swampy marshland near Voi River. The landscape is unique because of the Yatta Plateau which was formed from the lava that oozed from Ol Donyo Sabuk Mountain. The main river of the park is Galana river.
Lions, leopard, cheetah, zebras, giraffes, serval, antelopes, kongoni, lesser kudu, oryx, klipspringer, impala, stripped hyena, ostriches, gazelles, buffalos, elephants and many more animals can be seen in the park. Commonly seen birds are African skimmers, goshawks, red and yellow bishops, palm nut vultures and the white-headed buffalo weavers with lots of other rare birds.
Scenic features of Tsavo East Yatta plateau – Yatta plateau is the longest lava flow in the world and is about 290Km long Lugards Falls on the Galana river – Lugards Falls, Named after Captain Lugard, the first proconsul to East Africa, gush through a small fissure and eroded rocks through which the waters of Galana River plunge into foaming rapids and crocodile –infested pools Mudanda rock-- this whale backed Rock towers above a natural dam. This is a long rock outcrop of about 1.6Km long. Animals come in plenty to drink water. Visitors can walk along the rock and enjoy a cool breeze as well as view wildlife at the base.
Aruba Dam - The beautiful Aruba dam located on the north bank of the seasonal Voi River was built in 1952. The dam attracts many animals and water birds can be seen at this dam.
Tsavo/Athi rivers confluence –the two rivers join to become Galana river at this point.